Bhai Surat Singh Ji was born in village Chanyot, district Jhang (Pakistan). His father's name was Ram Chand, who was rechristened as Bhai Ram Singh after baptism (taking eternal nectar). Bhai Ram Singh was taught by Bhai Mani Singh in Sikh scriptures and Sikh way of life. Afterwards he started preaching Sikhism in the Jhang region. But the ruler of Multan bore ill-will against him. That is why he came to Amritsar along with Bhai Surat Singh.
Bhai Surat Singh had the privilege of being near the tenth Guru and he was baptised (took the eternal nectar) from the Satguru himself. He learned the meanings and explanation of the Gurbani from Bhai Mani Singh and Baba Gurbakhsh Singh Shaheed and thus became the renowned scholar of the Gurbani. He was in high esteem of the whole Sangat. He was known as Giani. He was a foremost scholar of Persian, Urdu and Hindi. For a long time he gave his discourses at Sri Amritsar and taught the Gurbani to the students there.
He heard the religious discourses from Bhai Mani Singh, wrote the same in words and also prepared the exegesis of the first ballad (War) of Bhai Gurdas on Vaisakh Sudi 3. Because of the innumerable virtues he possessed, he occupies a respectable place among the Sikh personalities.