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DAMDAMI TAKSAL
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   MARTYR BABA DEEP SINGH
   BABA GURBAKHASH SINGH SHAHEED  (MARTYR)
   GIANI BHAI SURAT SINGH JI
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   GIANI BHAI SANT SINGH JI
   SANT DAYA SINGH JI
   SANT GIANI BHAGWAN SINGH JI
   SANT HARNAM SINGH JI BEDI
   SANT BABA BISHAN SINGH JI MURALE  WALE
   SANT BABA SUNDER SINGH JI  BHINDRAWALE
   SANT GIANI GURBACHAN SINGH JI KHALSA  BHINDRAWALE
   SANT KARTAR SINGH JI KHALSA  BHINDRAWALE
   SANT JARNAIL SINGH JI KHALSA  BHINDRAWALE
   SANT BABA THAKUR SINGH JI

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SANT BABA BISHAN SINGH JI MURALE WALE

Baba Bishan Singh ji Murale Wale was born in an Arora Sehjdhari Sikh family in village Bohith, tehsil Kharia, District Gujarat (Pakistan) on Sunday, the first of Chaitar in Bikrami 1909. His father Lai Dev and mother Bibi Ratna Devi had true faith in Gurbani. At the time of his birth, Baba Bishan Singh was taken to the Gurdwara, after customary bath and placed at the altar of Sri Guru Granth Sahib. The Granthi performed the Ardas (prayer), had the order (Hukamnama) of Sri Guru Granth Sahib, distributed the holy pudding among the Sangat, put the nectar (Amrit) in the mouth of the child and named him Bishan Singh. He was very intelligent from his childhood. That is why he became a scholar of Gurbani when he grew up.

He learnt Gurmukhi from Sikh saints and was in a position to recite Jap Ji by rote in very young age. He was hardly of thirteen when he visited Sri Darbar Sahib, Amritsar, Tarn Taran Sahib, the Ganges, Prayagraj, Badri Nath, Dehra Doon, Rameshwarm, Mathura, Ayudhya, Nankana Sahib, Dera Sahib Lahore, Kartarpur Sahib and Kiratpur Sahib. When he was 21 years old he happened to visit Sri Amritsar, where he came in contact with Amritdhari Sikhs. He was greatly impressed by them and he got himself baptized (took the eternal nectar) at Sri Akal Takht Sahib. From that day onward, he observed the traditional Sikh way of living and was always attired in conventional Sikh robes. He used to recite Gurbani and would concentrate in Shabd. He used to repeat the Gurmantar and Mool Mantar many times. He learnt from Pandit Tara Singh and Pandit Sadhu Singh, the Yog Mat, Puran Smritis, Grammar and Sanskrit. On these topics he read several books in nine long years.

One day he went to Giani Sant Harnam Singh ji Bedi. It was from him that Baba I Bishan Singh learnt Sri Guru Granth Sahib and Sri Dasam Granth with their proper meaning ; and interpretation. He read the lives of the Gurus. With the grace of pious saints, he took up the duties of giving religious discourses and of teaching to the students.

He lived a life of perpetual benediction and was detached with the material world. His concentration with the Shabd would never break. He observed the traditional Sikh way of living and adhered to it very strictly. He would never fall prey to that type of life which is against the Sikh tenets. He would never dream of those norms of life which are against true Sikh living and tenets.

When Sant Amir Singh left for his heavenly abode, he went to the Gurdwara of Murala on the repeated requests of the Sikh Sangat. It was at this place that he started the Taksal of teaching the Gurbani, religious discourses and Kirtan to the students. About two hundred students used to live and study the Sikh religious books. Prominent among his students are Baba Sunder Singh Bhindranwale, Baba Prem Singh Muralewale and Baba Bhagat Singh Ghebe Wale. The community kitchen (Guru ka Langar) was perfectly arranged and the meals were ever ready. The chapatis would be buttered very nicely. Baba Ji would deliver his religious discourses once a day for two hours, which used to be in the early morning. Then he would go away from his pupils and would meditate in a lonely place. Apart from devotional recitations the Baba enjoyed serving the Sangat with his own hands. jIn fact his initiative in this respect was exemplary. He would get up at two at night and would take bath. Then he would read Gurbani as per his usual routine. He would draw 150 buckets of water from the well and would fill up the houdies for the bath of the Sangat. Afterwards he would broom the Gurdwara and would keep the Sri Guru Granth Sahib in open state. Then he would recite the Jap Ji Sahib.

He would himself grind the fresh flour for the holy pudding to be put at the altar of Sri Guru Granth Sahib. He used to say, "The holy pudding (Karah Parshad) is to be served to the ten Gurus as the holy Granth is the embodiment of them. So the stale flour will not be used." Afterwards Giani Bhai Sunder Singh Bhindranwale took this service in his hands, but with a great difficulty as Baba Bishan Singh agreed to it after persuation of a very long time.

When he used to come to the Gurdwara, none dared to talk anything else but Gurbani or Satnam Waheguru. Every year he would devote certain time, especially to the devotion and meditation, which would be apart from his daily routine. In those days he would hardly take two handfuls of grams and one seer of water during whole of the day, but would meditate for 23 hours. He had achieved such noble ends in his devotion that on the night of one Diwali, the devotees illuminated many Diwas (lights), certain people requested Baba Ji to come out and see the wonderful lights. But he said that I am kindled with the eternal light of Waheguru, I am meeting and saying my Guru from my inner-self. 0 Gurmukh ! I have not seen the ceiling of this room for many years. I have not seen sun, moon and stars. Why should I see these outer lamps ? I am listening from inside :

The lamp of Satgurus words
Illuminates in the temple
The whole self is awakened.

Before his departure for his eternal abode, he declared Sant Sunder Singh ji Bhindranwale as his successor, who would lead the Damdami Taksal after him. Baba Sunder Singh Bhindranwale was a perfect devout Sikh, who would devote most of his time to the learning and reciting of the Gurbani. He was ordered by Baba Bishan Singh to preach the name of God in the whole of the country or wherever it was possible for him to do so. Baba Bishan Singh left for his eternal home after the Bhog of Sri Akhand Path on 15th Magh at the age of 53.

       
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